Archive | October 2012

Traditional Jobs For Men And Women And The Gender Divide

by Silicon Valley Blogger on 2007-05-29

I came across an interesting article in the San Jose Mercury News which tackles the concept of “occupational segregation.” What is it about?

Despite the women’s movement and the changes that occurred in the 70′s and 80′s that helped women make larger strides in the workforce, social economists are now saying that the progress that allowed the gender crossover in jobs may have stalled a bit since the last decade. The social scientists call this “occupational segregation” and they don’t seem to be too happy about it.

Why so?

Why the need to have a more equal workforce?

#1 To narrow the pay gap
Women earn 25% less than men do in general. But the reason why everyone harps about women getting less money than men do in their jobs is because of the type of jobs that most women find themselves in. If a man finds himself working in a “female” oriented job, he ends up earning 12.5 percent less than his male counterparts; whereas a woman who works in a “male” dominated field earns 25.9 percent more than her female peers. So interestingly, it’s all about the job type that changes the averages here.

#2 To better respond to shortages in fields, jobs, industries
Instead of getting worked up over perceived shortages in certain professions, it would be great if the labor pool can be easily balanced out by drawing from a supply of trained men or women to cover the skill gaps. But this is tough to achieve in reality because job stereotyping by gender is alive and well and is hard to vanquish. Even with laws out there that encourage openness in professions, the enforcement of sexual discrimination laws has been weak.

Data from the San Jose Mercury News:

The 10 Most Female Occupations

(highest percentage of workers that are female)

Occupation % Female Annual Wage
Dental hygienists 98.6% $60,980
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 97.7% $21,990
Secretaries and administrative assistants 96.9% $26,670
Dental assistants 95.4% $29,520
Speech-language pathologists 95.3% $54,880
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 94.2% $35,230
Child care workers 94.2% $17,050
Hairdressers, hair stylists and cosmetologists 93.4% $20,610
Receptionists and information clerks 92.7% $22,150
Payroll and timekeeping clerks 92.4% $31,360

The 10 Most Male Occupations

(highest percentage of workers that are male)

Occupation % Male Annual Wage
Logging workers 99.8% $29,430
Automotive body and related repairers 99.4% $34,810
Cement masons, concrete finishers and terrazzo workers 99.3% $32,030
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists 99.1% $36,620
Electrical power-line installers and repairers 99.1% $50,150
Tool and die makers 99.1% $43,580
Roofers 98.9% $31,230
Heavy vehicle/mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics 98.6% $39,410
Home appliance repairers 98.5% $32,980
Crane and tower operators 98.5% $38,870

But how do we really feel about gender crossovers in the workplace? How comfortable would you be to see men in the maternity ward and day care centers or women in trucking, construction and heavy machinery operations? Strangely, I’m reading some reports which contradict the pay gap issues, such as this article, which appears that in less traditional and more gender blind type jobs, women in fact are earning more than men!

So don’t cry for the women yet, because reports are popping up about how they are

at a better pace than men are doing in the last several years.

It would be great to achieve an ideal employment balance on a national scale and I believe we’re still very much headed in the right direction. But I don’t lose sleep over the preponderance of traditional jobs today. We have immigration resolving job shortage issues (though that’s another hot topic!), plus there are less gender specific jobs out there that we can always try to gain skills for.

Copyright © 2007 The Digerati Life. All Rights Reserved.

Categorized under: Job and Career — Written by SVB

Healthy ways to communicate when conflict is knocking at your door

The subject of this blog provides a simplified (notice I didn’t say easy) way of dealing with stressful speed bumps and obstacles to resolve problems. A problem is composed of three simple facets: 1.  A goal;  2.  Obstacles to reaching the goal and 3. The way things currently exist (status quo).

The purpose of this blog is to offer a way out of a conflict by applying some basis communication tools.  I’ve developed a prevention list that can help even before a conflict brews to a boiling point.  Some steps in this process are prevention steps, others are action steps that may be used if caught off guard or blind-sided by the capricious arrows of conflict.

So, here we go.

  • When a conflict is escalating and becoming more of an emotional free-for-all (a friend says that any kind of bias is an emotional commitment to ignorance), one of the great pulls that we sense as humans is to center on the personalities who are party to the conflict.  I find that a more effective way of communicating in this kind of crisis situation; these can be the common needs that all of the parties have that can also be beneficial for them.
  • It’s a major comparison between healthy and unhealthy ways of communicating at this point: feel the difference between saying “You’re the one who caused our car insurance to skyrocket because of all the tickets you get.  Clean up your own act!” and saying to the other party, “Look, I’m just as concerned about our money as you are. We barely can make ends meet. Clearly we have a problem. I suggest that each of think of what we can do in a proactive way, and talk again.  Each of us has a nickel in this dime, right?” Notice the use of “us” “we” “each,” etc. This word strategy focuses on our common conflict.
  • Focusing on the mutual problem stops the blame game or at least slows it down; instead of blaming someone, we could say, “I think where we need to start is to accept one another’s humanity and imperfections; I know I’ll make plenty of mistakes trying to sort out this problem, but I am committed to trying. Can we respect each other to see if we can agree to disagree? Can we listen to each other’s view, suspend our own opinion for a while without judgment, and then continue to come up with a solution where both of us win?
  • If you’ve attempted to resolve the conflict, and find yourself stuck not knowing which direction to go, perhaps a neutral party could act as an arbitrator.  When we find ourselves engaged very deeply with very strong emotions, it’s often difficult to see the forest for the one big sequoia that’s right in front of our eyes.  An objective set of eyes may be able to see patterns, emotional traps, and subtle ways of controlling the discussion by a hidden agenda. In Austin we have the Dispute Resolution Center (www.austindrc.org) The University of Texas can also provide resources (www.utexas.edu/law/centers then click ADR Links) where trained and certified mediators are available to assist in resolving conflicts. There are also others in your community who may provide an objective view, and make constructive suggestions.  There may be someone you trust in the faith-based community. Think of the resources available to you: it isn’t always necessary to ask a “professional” to help you—there are many options and alternatives out there.
  • Keep in mind that the purpose of communication is build a bridge to a better understanding of ourselves, those with whom we are in relationship with, and the world around us.  Keeping this principle alive with the occasional jolts of momentum that life brings to us; if we are able to be mindful of how we are feeling in an adversarial dialogue, what’s going on in our bodies during this stressful interlude in our lives, and trying to stay in the present moment, we come to the table free of some of the drama, anger/belligerance and grandiosity that is very natural for humans to communicate; let the past go (if you are family members or if your conflict is with a partner, try not to bring old skeletons out of the closet when seeking to resolve a conflict. This will usually create even more fireworks to add to the fire).
  • Remember that resolving conflicts can be messy; you won’t generally find resolution in a nicely gift-wrapped package.  Rather, it will usually come with sweat on the corners, wounds around the edges, and regrets running down our clothing.  Confronting what we avoid and wanting to  magically see it go away is very difficult; however, with a good support system to help us do the right thing in the conflict, and adding a dash of some self-reflection, accompanied with inner loyalty to our own truth, it can be accomplished.  Are you ready to take a risk?
  • If you’re ready to try, step out and take that risk. Consider any conflict resolution meeting as an encounter. An encounter always comes with surprises—there’s no script for it. What happens happens, and if you take the approach of it being an encounter, you never know what good things may come out of it.

© Christopher Bear-Beam October 15, 2012

 

BearistaBlog

BearistaBlog

Hey dudes: this is Bear and I wanted to share with you another site where you can find my blogs on Conflict Resolution; since our world, our region, our state or province, our city, our town, our burrough, our community, and our hood is often the site of much conflict; Conflict Resolution needs to put out there in digital land so more people have access to some ideas, practices, strategies, notions and experiences of others who have found some workable ways to resolve conflict.

I think we should first consider resolving conflicts within ourselves.  This means getting playful and creative with yourself.  It means loving yourself enough that you want to help yourself to change so you can resolve your own issues.  It means first of all reconciling with yourself (another name for healing perhaps?), and perhaps then we can involve our commitments, hard work, and playful times in the direction of creating less conflict on the planet.

My advice is to find ways to resolve conflicts within yourself.  Start here.  There are no formulas, since it’s your journey, and only you can find that path for yourself.  Observe life; talk about the topic; use the Internet as a free resource.  Above all, do some self-reflection; write in a journal, use the Arts to express your meanings; all of these are very therapeutic anyway, but if you are intentional about it, you may be surprised at the outcomes.

Give me feedback by leaving comments here.  I really am interested in what you are doing in this area of resolving conflicts within your own internal place of love.